The Creation and Dispersal of Diamonds

 

“If there’s anything to admire  its a tear drop of joy from angels.  They are found perfectly preserved in what we refer to as diamonds” Sean Kastner 2015

Lets look at an article prepared just for you:

 

The Eternal Beauty Of A Diamond

If my quote is to etheric, then for the creationists, this may give the missing elements of why diamonds are diamonds and

The story of diamonds begins  billions of  years ago, beneath earth’s surface layer, under ultra-high pressures and intense heat. In fact, the oldest diamonds are more than 4 billion years old— as old as the planet itself ( or what science believes its age is)!. This is one of the a makes diamonds so sought after, as each one of these stones holds the secrets to our planet’s past.

In other words, owning a  diamond is owning piece of creations mystery .

Diamonds are unique, rare Precious, and I want another one! 😉

  • As mentioned earlier, conditions that support the formation of diamonds are pressure and heat: approximately 150 kilometers under the earth’s layer where the temperatures are a minimum of 1050 degrees Celsius. And these occurred in limited zones across the planet. ( Yes Canada ofcourse is blessed w/ these multi-faceted orbs)
  • These brilliant crystals were formed and remained in the earth’s mantle until volcanic eruptions brought them to the earth’s surface.
  • Once the magma, from the volcanic eruptions, that carried these dazzling gemstones cooled down, it took the shape of a carrot like pipes and formed into what is called as Kimberlite rocks. ( I snagged a picture of it, you can look at the top of this blog)
  • And today, diamonds are primarily sourced from these kimberlites.

The origins, the long journey, their everlasting nature and the limited places that these stunning rocks are found is what makes diamonds so rare and expensive.

More efforts are required before these sparkling rocks can make it to you as a piece of exquisite jewellery:

 

  • Exploration
  • Mining
  • Sorting
  • Cutting & polishing
  • Jewellery Manufacturing
  • Retailing

(Kastner Diamonds Ventures to establish relationships as close to the mining as possible so we off you them at Auction prices that blast retail of the crust and back into the Kimberlite 😉   )

 

Today, diamonds are are found only in these countries in the world, the majority (approximately 65%) being found in Africa:

 

  • Angola
  • Australia
  • Botswana
  • Canada
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Namibia
  • Russia
  • South Africa

Diamonds have a universal appeal, irrespective of what part of the world or which culture one belongs to, a diamond has and will always represent pristine beauty. So what is about a diamond that makes it so beautiful:

Always Remember The Four Cs

  • Cut- How a diamond is cut is responsible for how much light it reflects. The ideal cut is the round cut, also known as round brilliance, which has 58 facets, allowing for maximum reflection of light.
  • Color- The perfect diamond is colourless however due to the chemical present in the diamonds most of them taken on different colours such as  white, yellow, blue, pink, brown, black, orange and the rarest of them all- red.
  • Clarity- The appearance of a diamond is affected by the presence of any foreign material in the diamond or cuts and blemishes. These inclusions and structural imperfections hence are responsible for a diamond’s clarity.
  • Carat- The objective measure of a diamond is its weight. One carat = .2 grams or 200 milligrams, equal to 1/5 of a gram.

A perfect diamond is one which has no inclusions, is of round brilliance and 100 carats.

Here are some interesting Facts and Stats shared by the World Diamond Council

  • Diamonds are one of the world’s, and specifically Africa’s, major natural resources. An estimated US$13 billion worth of rough diamonds are produced per year, of which approximately US$8.5 billion are from Africa (approximately 65%).

 

  • Modern diamond mining started during the 1870s in South Africa, following the discovery of the Star of South Africa diamond (83.5 carats in size) on the banks of the Orange River (at the border of Namibia and South Africa) in 1869. A diamond rush followed and by 1888 the first working mines in the area were established. As prospecting increased, more diamonds were discovered in other southern African locations. The diamond industry has since expanded across southern Africa, making this the primary global location for diamond sources today.

 

  • The diamond industry employs approximately ten million people around the world, both directly and indirectly, across a wide spectrum of roles from mining to retail.
  • Global diamond jewellery sales continue to grow, increasing three-fold in the past 25 years, and are currently worth in excess of US$72 billion every year.
  • USA represents the largest market (50%), followed by Japan (15%), Italy (5%), India (3%), China (2%), The Gulf (2%) and other countries (23%). According to independent research, diamond jewellery is the most highly sought-after category of luxury goods, both by women for themselves and by men for gifts.
  • The value of diamond jewellery sold each year is approximately US$72 billion, which includes the cost of the diamonds, precious metals and other gems.
  • The Kimberley Process is a certification system that prevents diamonds from an area of conflict entering the legitimate diamond supply chain. The Kimberley Process ensures that only rough diamonds accompanied by a government-issued certificate can be imported and exported, providing an assurance that the diamonds are from conflict free sources. Under this United Nations mandated system, only countries that are part of the Kimberley Process can import or export rough diamonds. Today, 74 countries are members of the Kimberley Process, ensuring that more than 99% of diamonds are from conflict free sources. Anyone who imports or exports rough diamonds between these countries without a Kimberley Process certificate is breaking the law.
  • In addition to the Kimberley Process, the System of Warranties was developed by the World Diamond Council (WDC) to extend the Kimberley Process conflict free assurance to polished diamonds and provide a means by which consumers can be assured their diamonds are from conflict free sources. Its principal element is a declaration on the invoice accompanying every transaction (apart from the transaction directly to the consumer) of polished diamonds that declares the diamonds are ‘not involved in funding conflict and are in compliance with United Nations resolutions’. The System of Warranties provides assurance that diamonds are from conflict free sources all the way to the diamond jewellery retailer.

 

  • As one of Africa’s major natural resources, diamonds are helping transform southern Africa and the lives of its people. In particular, Africans are using the revenue from diamonds to create wealth for themselves. The diamond trade contributes approximately US$8.5 billion a year to Africa and is helping the continent in four key ways:
    • Financial: Diamonds provide a significant economic contribution to the countries in which they are found – for example diamonds represent 33% of the GDP of Botswana [approximately US$3.3 billion]
    • Health: Diamonds play a significant role in helping tackle the HIV pandemic in southern Africa through the funding of counselling, testing, education, treatment programmes, clinics and hospices
    • Education: Southern African countries are using the revenue from diamonds to help more children go to school for longer
    • Employment: More than 38,000 people in southern Africa are employed by the diamond industry


Hope this Gives you an even greater Perspective on our Shimmering objects of DESIRE  and why diamonds  are the burning solid white fire of so many’s eyes 😉  *twinkle*

Sean Kastner

President  Kastner Auctions/ Kastner Diamonds

Resources

 

https://www.worlddiamondcouncil.org/download/resources/documents/Fact%20Sheet%20%28The%20Diamond%20Industry%29.pdf

 

http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/earth/rock-minerals/diamonds/diamond-formation/

 

http://www.livescience.com/9523-diamonds-earth.html

 

http://geology.com/articles/diamonds-from-coal/

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